The fourth new interpretation of “The Vinland Sagas – The Norse Discovery of America” – Magnusson and Palsson, 1965. Click on the links to see photos, etc. [ New interpretations are in square brackets ]

EIRIKSFJORD, GREENLAND – 1006 AD // Thorvald prepared his expedition with his brother Leif’s guidance and engaged a crew of thirty. When the ship was ready they put out to sea and there are no reports of their voyage until they reached Leif’s Houses [ Leif Erikson’s base camp in Lac St. Jean, Quebec ] in Vinland [ Here the saga refers to ‘Vinland’ as the whole new world, including Helluland, Markland and Vinland ].

There they laid up the ship and settled down for the winter, catching fish for their food [ ice fishing on Lac St. Jean ].

In the spring [ 1007 AD ] Thorvald said they should get the ship ready, and that meanwhile a small party of men should take the ship’s boat [ 8 people ] and sail west along the coast [ south up the St. Lawrence River, then turning right, west, along the north shore of the Riviere des Mille Iles ] and explore that region [ Terrebonne ] during the summer.Vinland Checklist 15

They found the country there very attractive [ the naturally beautiful and extremely fertile valley surrounding Terrebonne, Quebec ], with woods stretching almost down to the shore and white sandy beaches [ The Mille Iles River was known in the 1940s to 1960s for its beautiful public beaches, ie. Plage Henri, Oka Beach, etc. ].  There were numerous islands there [ “mille iles” = “1000 islands” ], and extensive shallows [ the river runs very, very shallow in the summer, and features an unnavigable stretch of river between St. Rose, Laval and Rosemere, Quebec ].

They found no traces of human habitation [ most of the 1000 islands in the Mille Iles River are very low in elevation, and many many of them flood in the spring thaw – thus the islands are uninhabited to this day ] or animals [ same goes, only birds nest on these islands in the warm months of the year ] except on one westerly island [ “One” westerly island = L’Ile Bizard, the lone large island at the western tip of the island of Laval ] where they found a wooden stack-cover [ Built by Irish monk Saint Brendan? Who it’s said crossed the Atlantic in the 6th century in a skin boat ]. That was the only man-made thing they found [ ‘man-made’ = ‘European’ to the Vikings, not First Nations-built. The Vikings saw aboriginal North Americans as ‘Skraelings’ or ‘savages’ ]; and in the autumn they returned to Leif’s Houses [ at Lac St. Jean ].

Next summer [ 1008 AD ] Thorvald sailed east [ from Lac St. Jean, east/down the Saguenay River, out to the St. Lawrence River ] with his ship, and then north along the coast [ north along the north side of the St. Lawrence River ]. They ran into a fierce gale off a headland [ across from Quebec’s “Parc National du Bic” in the St. Lawrence, southwest of Rimouski ] and were driven ashore [ blown from the north shore to the south shore ]; the keel was shattered and they had to stay there for a long time [ until the next spring thaw ] while they repaired the ship.

Thorvald Explores - Kjalarness 1Thorvald said to his companions, I want to erect the old keel here on the headland and call this place ‘Kjalarness.’  [ as the most visible landmark, signalling the upcoming mouth of the Saguenay River to the Lac St. Jean settlement – for travellers approaching from the east, sailing up the St. Lawrence River from the Gaspe Peninsula and Gulf of St. Lawrence (see the ‘broken keel’ shaped Parc National de Bic, Quebec) ].

KjalarnessThey did this and then [ in the spring of 1009 AD ] sailed away eastward [ “away” = in a westward direction ] along the coast [ back up the St. Lawrence River, southwest toward Laval and Terrebonne ].  Soon they found themselves at the mouth of two fjords [ the mouths of the Riviere des Mille Iles and the Riviere des Prairies ], and sailed up the promontory that jutted out between them [ the distinctively shaped eastern ‘tip’ of the island of Laval: please see both the ‘Vinland Map‘ (15th century) and ‘The Skolholt Map‘ (16th and 17th century, says ‘Promontorium’ and ‘Vinlandia’). Look for the distinctive shape of the eastern tip of Laval, as seen on the google maps ]; it was heavily wooded [ before deforestation ].

They moored the ship alongside [ on the deeper draw, south river side of the island ] and put out the gangway, and Thorvald went ashore with all his men [ Interpreter’s Note: This is the exact site of the first New France settlement in Laval (Ile Jesus): the Berge Olivier-Charbonneau (a c. 1650 windmill based community).  The accompanying second French Canadian settlement was in the area was at Terrebonne ].

‘It is beautiful here’ [ at the picturesque Berge Olivier-Charbonneau at the eastern tip of the island of Laval ] he said.  ‘Here I should like to make my home.’

On their way back to the ship [ moored in the deeper Riviere des Prairies ] they noticed three humps on the sandy beach [ the off shore, sandy and low elevation, Ile Migneron, Ile du Mitan and Ile du Moulin ] just in [ southwest ] from the headland [ Berge Olivier-Charbonneau ].

three humps

When they went closer they found that these were three skin-boats [ birch bark canoes ] with three men [ People of the Iroquois Nation ] underneath each of them. [ The Iroquois would travel east fom Oka along the Riviere des Prairies (as the Riviere des Mille Iles is not a throughway in the summer, fall or winter). ]

They killed eight of the nine of them [ The first eight people of the First Nations known to have been mercilessly killed by European explorers ]. One escaped [ There were 8 men including Thorvald, against 9 natives ].

Thorvald and his men returned to the headland [ Berge Olivier-Charbonneau ], from which they scanned the surrounding country [ exploring the island of Laval westward ].  They could make out a number of humps [ the many twists and turns up and down the Milles Iles River ] farther up the fjord, and concluded that these were settlements [ This is a secret clue: to the location of the majority of Viking settlements in Vinland, set up along the north and south shores of the Riviere des Mille Iles, and centred around Terrebonne. Meaning ‘the good (very rich) earth’, Terrebonne, Quebec and it’s surrounding market gardening farmland fits all the descriptions of Vinland, especially ‘Oasis’ (in the summer and fall). See the Vinland Map details ].


Then they were overwhelmed by such a heavy drowsiness [ as they crossed the north end of the major ‘Planetary Grid‘ that runs north/south through eastern Laval ] that they could not stay awake [ from the effects of the electromagnetic planetary grid emissions ], and they fell asleep [ Literally: this describes the fact that the settlers slept every night in their Terrebonne settlement houses ] – until they were awaken by a voice that shouted:

“Wake up Thorvald and all your men, if you want to stay alive!  Get to your ship and all of your company, and get away as fast as you can. [ This is a dire warning, embedded within the saga.  The Viking settlers must stay alert at all times because of the constant threat of warfare.  Many French Canadians were massacred, kidnapped and tortured at nearby Pointe aux Trembles by the Iroquois c. 1670. Many first settlers returned to France until peace was made, dropping the population of the tip of Ile Jesus from 50 settlers to 27. ]


A great swarm of skin-boats [ Iroquois First Nations canoes traveling east down the Rivere des Prairies from Oka ] was then heading towards them down the fjord [ Note: on both the ‘Vinland Map‘ and ‘Skalholt Map‘: the Oka area is drawn as ‘no mans land’ or “Skraeling Land” ]

Thorvald said, ‘We shall set up breastworks on the gunwales and defend ourselves as best we can, but fight back as little as possible.’ [ Thorvald had a ‘change of heart’ about the recent killing of the innocent First Nations People – as Scandinavians are by nature peaceful people, then and today ].

They did this [ armed their ship with breastplates, but ceased fire ]. The Skraelings shot [ arrows ] at them for a while, and then turned and fled [ their canoes and arrows no match against a Viking warship ] as fast as they could.

‘I have a wound in the armpit’  [ a pierced heart ], said Thorvald.  ‘An arrow [ poisoned with guilt, over the slaughter ].  This will lead to my death’ [ A warning to others, or did Thorvald believe he deserved to die for his manslaughter sins? ]

I advise you now to go back as soon as you can [ Do not settle in the Terrebonne/Laval area, as it is too dangerous ]. But first I want you to take me to the headland I thought so suitable for a home [ Berge Olivier-Charbonneau ].  Bury me there and put crosses at my head and my feet [ As Scandinavia was halfway to Christianity at the time ] [ The burial site is potentially where a historic French Canadian ‘croix de chemin’ (roadside cross) stands ], and let the place be called ‘Krossaness’ for ever afterwards.’

berge olivier charbonneau

With that Thorvad died, and his men did exactly as he had asked of them [ leave Vinland (Laval and Terrebonne) forever ].  Afterwards [ next spring, 1010 AD ] they sailed back and joined the rest of the expedition [ at the less hostile settlements in Lac St. Jean and Cape Breton Island ].

They spent the winter there [ in Laval/Terrebonne, Quebec ] and gathered grapes and vines [ at the Berge du Vieux Moulin ] as cargo for the ship. In the spring [ of 1010 ] they set off  [ east down the St. Lawrence River ] on the voyage to Greenland; they made land at Eiriksfjord, and had plenty of news to tell Leif.

[Note: ‘The Planetary Grid‘: Today, a  trans Canada oil pipelines – from Alberta to Montreal’s east end Pointe aux Trembles refineries – pass down this Grid line. The first oil pipeline was put through in the 1950s, and there are now three pipelines running along that grid line, and a water pumping station and pipeline. The Planetary Grid static energy field aids the oil and water flow through the pipelines – by reducing viscosity (or drag) along the inside of the pipes. ]

April 12, 2013


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The Vinland Sagas © Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Palsson, 1965

Lavalhallalujah © Wiedman Communications, 2013